ISSN: 2148-4902 | E-ISSN: 2536-4553
Accuracy of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Assessing Knee Cartilage Changes Over Time in Patients with Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review [North Clin Istanb]
North Clin Istanb. Ahead of Print: NCI-34270 | DOI: 10.14744/nci.2021.34270

Accuracy of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Assessing Knee Cartilage Changes Over Time in Patients with Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review

Yashar Hashemi Aghdam1, Amin Moradi2, Lars Gerhard Großterlinden3, Morteza Seyed Jafari4, Johannes T. Heverhagen1, Keivan Daneshvar1
1Department of Radiology, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Shohada Trauma center, Tabriz university of Medical Science, Tabriz, Iran
3Department of Traumatology, Spine and Orthopedic Surgery, Asklepios Hospital Altona, Faculty of Medicine, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
4Department of Dermatology, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland

Introduction: MRI is a technique useful for the diagnosis of cartilage damage due to high sensitivity to identify subchondral bone abnormalities and full-thickness cartilage lesions. The lack of a study on knee cartilage changes over time in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique led us to investigate the accuracy of MRI in identifying knee cartilage changes over time in patients with OA in a systematic review.

Methods: In the present systematic review, started from the beginning of 2020 in one of the University Hospitals in Iran, the databases of CINAHL, Ovid, Elsevier, Scopus, PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Web of Science were searched using the keywords Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Osteoarthritis, Cartilage Lesion, Imaging Techniques.

Results: A total of 169 articles were retrieved in the initial search, and after reviewing the titles, abstracts, and full-texts, finally, seven were enrolled in the systematic review. Review of the selected papers showed that a total of 1091 subjects were studied, of which 355 were males. The results of all the studies, except one, indicated the high accuracy of MRI to identify knee cartilage changes over time.

Conclusion: MRI technique can show cartilage changes with high accuracy in patients with knee OA over time. We proved the potential of MRI to identify articular cartilage injuries in patients with OA and its importance to the evaluation of articular cartilage lesions along with other available techniques.

Keywords: Magnetic resonance imaging; Osteoarthritis; Knee Cartilage; Cartilage Lesion; Imaging Techniques



Corresponding Author: Keivan Daneshvar
Manuscript Language: English
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