ISSN: 2148-4902 | E-ISSN: 2536-4553
Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Types Are Common Among Turkish Women From High Socioeconomic Status and Have Differing Effects on Child Abuse and Contentment With Life [North Clin Istanb]
North Clin Istanb. Ahead of Print: NCI-46514 | DOI: 10.14744/nci.2020.46514

Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Types Are Common Among Turkish Women From High Socioeconomic Status and Have Differing Effects on Child Abuse and Contentment With Life

Hesna Gul1, Ahmet Gul2, Koray Kara1
1Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Gulhane Research and Training Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Psychiatry, Ufuk University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Objectives: Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women is an important public health problem. We aimed to investigate exposure of IPV types, child abuse and decrease in life contentment of married women from high socioeconomic status in Turkey.
Methods: Data were collected by an online/written questionnaire and Contentment with Life Scale. The questionnaire includes definitions of physical, emotional, economic and sexual IPV and asks how many times they experienced these types of abuse.
Results: We found that physical, emotional, economic and sexual IPV exposure were 19%, 45.2%, 12.5%, and 6%, respectively. It means that IPV types are common in this group too. Physical child abuse was higher among physical and emotional IPV victims (p=0004, p=0.02, respectively), while emotional child abuse was higher only among physical IPV victims (p=0.01). On the other hand, exposure to economic and sexual IPV was not related to any type of child abuse in this sample (p>0.05). Physical and economic IPV victims were statistically older (p=0.004, p<0.001, respectively), married for longer time (p<0.001 for both) and had relatively lower education level ( p<0.001 for both), while sexual IPV victims had lower education level than non-victims ( p=0.03). We demonstrated that physical-emotional and sexual intramarital IPV significantly reduce the women’s contentment with life scores when compared with non-victims ( p=0.02,p<0.001 and p=0.03, respectively).
Conclusions: IPV exposure is also severe among married women with high socioeconomic levels and is associated with child abuse in family and a decrease in life contentment. Lengthened education period among women with similar socioeconomic levels may be an additional protective factor for IPV by delaying the age of marriage and increasing the individual income. (NCI-2019-0144.R1)

Keywords: intimate partner violence, child abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, economic abuse, physical abuse, contentment with life



Corresponding Author: Hesna Gul

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